Drug and alcohol detox is the process of removing a harmful psychoactive substance from the body by withholding the substance to break the physical addiction. This process causes withdrawal symptoms, which are the body’s way of telling you it can’t operate properly without the drug.
Medical detox is the safest and most common way to detox, and it’s the first step of treatment in a drug or alcohol rehab program. Medical detox is supervised by medical and mental health professionals. Prescription medications are used as needed to help prevent or alleviate intense withdrawal symptoms, which typically include intense cravings for the substance.
During medical detox, the patient will be evaluated for co-occurring mental illnesses and secondary addictions as well as other underlying issues that contributed to the addiction. These will be addressed in the treatment phase that follows successful detox. To learn more about this process, call the addiction professionals at Drug Treatment Centers Westport. Dial (203) 571-0064 now.
Inpatient drug rehab programs require a stay at a residential facility, which provides 24-hour care and supervision. Inpatient detox provides respite from the stress and triggers in the patient’s life so that all energy can be focused on recovery. Inpatient programs are best for those with a dual diagnosis, secondary addiction, or a long history of abuse and addiction.
Outpatient substance abuse rehab programs allow the patient to live at home while receiving treatment. Outpatient detox enables patients to continue working and meeting other obligations at home, and it affords more privacy since there’s no need to explain an absence. Outpatient programs work best for those who are personally motivated to recover and have a support system at home.
Although withdrawal symptoms vary by drug type, they all have intense cravings in common. Not every patient will experience the onset of every symptom of withdrawal from a certain drug, and the symptoms may range in intensity from mild to severe.
Withdrawal from alcohol produces symptoms including tremors, hallucinations, nausea, and seizures as well as a condition known as delirium tremens that can be fatal if not medically addressed.
Medications used during medical alcohol detox include Paxil to relieve depressive symptoms and insomnia, Chantix to reduce the intensity of cravings, and Neurotonin to prevent or treat seizures and help restore the brain’s processes back to normal.
Withdrawal from opiates like heroin and prescription medications like OxyContin and Fentanyl produces symptoms that include body aches, hot and cold sweats, abdominal cramps and diarrhea, and nausea and vomiting.
Medications used for medical opiate detox include Methadone to suppress the symptoms associated with withdrawal, Clonidine to reduce anxiety and cramps, Subutex to reduce the time it takes to detox, and Paxil to relieve depressive symptoms.
Withdrawal from stimulants like meth and cocaine and prescription drugs such as Adderall and Dexedrine produce symptoms that include deep depression, anxiety, paranoia, and psychosis. These are particularly intense during withdrawal from meth.
Medications used during stimulant withdrawal are limited, but doctors often prescribe Zyban to alleviate the severe depression and reduce the intensity of cravings.
Withdrawal from sedatives like the benzodiazepines Xanax and Klonopin produces symptoms like sweating, shaking, restlessness, anxiety, and dangerous increases in blood pressure, body temperature, and heart rate.
Because there are no medications to treat the potentially dangerous symptoms associated with medical sedative detox, cleansing the body of these substances is generally a tapering off process to wean the body slowly from the drug.
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